Reproductive Advocate Health Education (RAHE)-GHANA is an independent, non-profit, development organization devoted to improving the quality of health services, general well being of people and communities through a right based and professional approach.
Since February 2014, RAHE-GHANA has been championing social intervention programs aimed at tackling vulnerability to diseases, hunger, and violence against women and children.
Through our strategic partnerships and advocacy platforms, we influence policies, political support, and investments that help communities address diseases, inequalities, poverty and ensure resources reach those in greatest need.
Our vision is to create a society in which citizens are empowered to equitably access the whole spectrum of quality social services and national resources.
• To actively work with communities to identify community context challenges and adopt cost effective ways of addressing them
• To Improve the capacity of target communities and schools to understand and demand responsive health services from governmental stakeholders
• To achieve social and economic development and improved quality of life for rural households and communities with emphasis on women and children, youth, the elderly, the disabled persons, orphans and other special groups
• To promote and provide access to quality basic education for children and school dropouts within deprived rural communities
• To increase access to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation so as to ultimately reduce water related and fecal-based diseases
To provide consultancy and project management services for businesses, organisations and corporate entities on community engagements, corporate social responsibilities and project proposals
• To improve the health conditions of communities through elimination of health hazards in the environment that lead to untimely death among adults and children
On 31 December 2019, the local
authorities of Wuhan (China), reported a cluster of pneumonia cases which
turned out to be caused by a novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). By March 2020 the
virus has already spread in over 80 countries outside China. On 30 January 2020
the WHO declared the recent COVID-19 outbreak as a Public Health Emergency of
International Concern (PHEIC)
As of 14:00 hours on the 28th March 2020, a total of 2,519 persons have been tested for COVID-19 in Ghana. Among the tested, 1,276 (50.7%) were persons under mandatory quarantine with 1,243 (49.3%) from routine surveillance activities. Among all 2,519 persons tested, one hundred and forty-one (141) tested positive representing 5.6%.
Among persons under mandatory quarantine, 79 representing 6.2% tested positive. Among samples tested from routine surveillance, sixty-two (62) representing 5.0% tested positive.
Only three regions have so far reported cases- the Greater Accra, Ashanti and Upper West Regions from routine disease surveillance. One case has been confirmed in the Upper West Region. The Ashanti Region has recorded 7 of the 8 cases recorded outside the Greater Accra Region. All other 54 cases from routine surveillance were recorded in the Greater Accra Region and Central Region.
A total of 731 contacts of confirmed cases are currently being followed up by the contact tracing team. Among contacts, 53 were found to have symptoms and 48 have been tested with one person testing positive. 231 contacts have completed the mandatory 14-day follow-up.
Through focus group discussions by RAHE GHANA Team with women groups and community based organisations in remote and deprived areas of Kasoa, Akweley , Nyanyano, Ofaakor and Bortianor , we found out that over 80 percent of the people are vulnerable to the pandemic due to the following,
- lack of information and awareness on COVID 19
- Lack of information on prevention
- Lack of Personal Protection Equipments (PPEs) including hand sanitizers
- Social stereotypes, fear and beliefs including the idea that COVID 19 is a curse
It is against this background that the government of Ghana has rolled out enhanced measures including a partial lockdown in three major geographical areas including the Awutu Senya East Municipal which is identified as a Hotspot for COVI9 infections. Even in this condition, there is ample evidence that indicate inadequate flow of essential materials like food and services from Governement and stakeholders to the poor within the partial lockdown period.
To contain the crisis, RAHE GHANA proposes this project as a Public health response and social countermeasures against the spread of Corona Virus Disease (COVID 19) in deprived and remote communities of Awutu Senya East Municipal in the Central Region of Ghana.
Project objectives/components include the following,
- To support the current healthcare system’s response to infection prevention and control, as well as best practice to protect patients and community health care workers in remote areas
- To build community understanding on the social dynamics of transmission and vulnerability
- To strengthen risk communication, social dynamics and public health response through community centred models, traditional and social media.
- To co create and develop strategies necessary for combating misinformation, stigma, and fear in vulnerable communities
- To provide Personal Protective Equipment for vulnerable groups and communities
- To examine cultural dimensions of the epidemic, namely, how individuals and communities understand and react to the disease with special focus on the most marginalised groups.
SEXUAL REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROGRAMME (SHEP)
In Ghana, the age for starting
primary school is six years. Basic education consists of nine years of
schooling: six years of primary school and three years of Junior High School
(JHS). Primary school education is designed for children aged 6 –12 and 13 – 17
years is spent in the JHS. Basic education is followed by three years of senior
high school (SHS) education, either in a senior high school (SHS), a vocational
school or a technical school. The age range for this level is 16–20 years. The
tertiary level consists of all post-secondary education (e.g. polytechnic,
university, teacher and nurse training). A number of studies have reported that
unmarried adolescents are initiating sexual intercourse before age 18 in
sub-Saharan Africa. This means Ghanaian youth in school are likely to initiate
sexual intercourse at the JHS or the SHS level.
Until 1992, sexual and reproductive health was vaguely part of the social studies curriculum as family life education in high schools. In 1992, Ghana established the School Health Education Programme (SHEP). One key programme area of SHEP is adolescent reproductive health, within which teen pregnancies and related topics are expected to be addressed. However, the implementation of the SHEP programme has faced a number of challenges; including lack of SHEP programme materials, lack of trained teachers on SHEP topics and teachers’ unwillingness to teach sex education.
With these challenges, SHEP is not functioning and SRHR education is a grey area in school activities. Besides these reinforcing factors, school based gender violence has been mentioned as a militating factor against the effective implementation of SHEP. In 2008, a USAID sponsored report found that sexual abuse of girls in schools, whether by male teachers or “sugar daddies”, is part of a wider problem of school based violence, much of it perpetrated by males. The USAID report also stated that for some teachers, gender based violence was not seen as a serious problem but just a part of the challenges of growing up. It should therefore be expected that in an environment where the majority of sexual abuse cases go unreported, unintended pregnancies among school going adolescents can easily thrive.
The SHEP project aims at addressing the barriers to reproductive health education and develop the capacity of teachers and opinion leaders to increase advocacy and stakeholder support for the SHEP Program in Ghana.
Program Area: ADOLESCENT SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH & RIGHTS
During the implementation of the first project in 2014, Youth Clubs were formed in various high schools in the Assin North Municipal area. Working with these Clubs, RAHE-GHANA have developed a sex education programme which is taught in basic schools by our hardworking staff and dedicated volunteers. The classes aim to break through taboos and provide young people with the dire needed skills and knowledge to manage their sexuality. In addition, it aims to make young women more self-confident about setting their own sexual boundaries. Though the project ended in 2015, the activities of the Youth Clubs in the selected schools are still in operation and remain an important link between the youth and RAHE-GHANA.
RAHE-GHANA operates along 7 broad programs areas. These are: -
- Public Health
- Project Management and Consultancy
- Youth Development
- Human Rights and Social Justice
- Child Rights
- Gender and Women Empowerment
OUR CORE VALUES:
- As a people centered institution, we seek to act with passion for the poor, the disadvantaged and the vulnerable, while upholding credibility and professionalism.
- An operating culture based on transparency, dialogue, and team-working
- We value the knowledge and experience of our colleagues and institutional allies around the world and ensure that their ideas are accommodated in our decision-making processes
- We seek to be flexible and adaptable, responding quickly to changing circumstances and learning from practice
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“Girls are the future mothers of any society. Every girl that receives
an education is more likely to make education a priority for her
children. It’s a ripple effect of positive change in the community and
~Tariq Al Gurg, chief executive officer, Dubai Cares.
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